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Hyperopia - Farsightedness

Procedures

Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is a common vision problem where those who have this condition can see distant objects clearly, but have difficulty focusing on objects that are close.  This is also referred to as hypermetropia.  

Hyperopia is considered a disorder rather than a disease, as it is a refractive error in the eye.  This means that the eye does not refract the light that enters it in the way it is supposed too.  Hyperopia is usually inherited and not contracted.

Symptoms of Hyperopia include:

  • Headaches
  • Fatigued
  • Eye strain
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Burning eyes
  • Crossing of eyes (found in children)

What Causes Hyperopia?

Hyperopia occurs when the light rays that are entering the eyes focus behind the retina.  The rays should be focusing right on the retina.

In those who have hyperopia, there is a tendency that the eyeball is shorter than that of someone who does not have hyperopia.  It can also occur if the cornea has too little of a curvature to it.  

If a child is born with this condition there is a chance that they will outgrow it, as the eyeball may lengthen as they grow.  The eye tests that a school can conduct usually cannot detect hyperopia- a proper assessment must be performed by an Optometrist (like ours!).

Treating & Managing Hyperopia

The best way to correct hyperopia is with glasses or contact lenses.  They are able to bend the rays of light in a way that allows them to focus on the retina and not behind it.  Chances are you may only have to wear the glasses or contacts if you are doing work up close to your eyes such as reading or working on a computer.

Although hyperopia is a condition that can be corrected with a pair of glasses, there is also surgery that can be done that can address it as well.  Refractive surgery such as LASIK or CK surgery can correct any issues that you may have due to hyperopia.  The surgery can reduce the need to wear glasses or contact lenses; it can even eliminate the need for them entirely.  

As with any refractive error, people’s experience with hyperopia varies.  Some may not notice any issues or symptoms, yet others can suffer greatly and have serious issues with their sight.  

If you’re struggling with your visual acuity, we recommend you book an eye exam for an assessment by one of our Optometrists.

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